Frequently Asked Questions
The Internet provides a wealth of information about a range of learning difficulties and is particularly helpful for solutions to dyslexia online. In this article I provide answers to some of the most common questions that people have about dyslexia.
What is dyslexia?
The word dyslexia comes from the Greek meaning difficulty with words. Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty which is associated primarily with problems we reading and writing and spelling, although difficulties relating to sequencing and organisation can also be related to dyslexia. It is important to note that although a lot is known about dyslexia it is not completely understood. Such is the complexity of this condition that it is estimated that there are over 70 different words used to describe various aspects of dyslexia.
We now know that dyslexia relates to different ways that the brain processes information. When scans are carried out on the brains of people with dyslexia and on the brains of people without dyslexia it can be clearly seen that the brain of a dyslexic person processes information differently than the brain in a person without dyslexia. It is important to point out though that this difference in processing is not related to intelligence. Dyslexia is a disorder that can affect the very intelligent and a very stupid like!
Is there a cure?
Dyslexia has no cure because it is a learning difficulty not a disease. The best that the dyslexia sufferer can hope for is to successfully implement a set of strategies which will help them overcome their specific difficulties. The good news is that as a result of all the research and the investment dyslexia need not be a huge stumbling block that stops someone realising their potential.
Across many countries in the world there are a number of organisations and charities which support users with dyslexia and enable them to become very successful. Dyslexia is most successfully overcome when it diagnosed in children. This enables the right support mechanisms and strategies to be put in place What must be said at this point is that it is crucial that diagnoses are made early preferably when the person is still a child Who is affected?
What are the symptoms?
Because of how complex the disorder dyslexia is and because there are still some unknowns about it the symptoms are quite varied and numerous. Some of the more frequent symptoms related to difficulties with words include a person with dyslexia seeing letters is backwards or upside down, words may appear to be jumping around the page and letters that are of a similar shape and size confused with one other.
Another person with dyslexia might recognize all the letters but just not be able to read them as a word or just not remember any words at all and would therefore need to read or spell them out from the beginning every time they came across them. So it can be seen that just from a few examples of just how broad and vague the definition of dyslexia is. To complicate things even more person who has dyslexia may not have any symptoms described above.
What causes it?
Scientists and researchers are not quite sure about the causes of dyslexia as stated above it is now known that it relates to how the brain processes information. Obviously for any brain function there is a series of complex interactions that take place between the different parts of the brain. In the case of a dyslexic person these interactions break down at various critical stages and stop the person achieving fluency with their reading and writing or spelling.
There is also a genetic link with dyslexia- it tends to run within families. But again this area of research is not understood fully. Just because a parent has dyslexia does not mean to say that their child will develop dyslexia. As further research is done no doubt what light will be shed upon this genetic link. The Internet plays an important role in publishing the results about this research on dyslexia online and making sure that more people are kept informed and made aware.
How can it be treated?
Dyslexia can only be treated through a programme of ongoing support and the implementation of a life long strategies in order to reduce its impact on an individual's life. As was mentioned above it is crucial that the diagnosis is made as early as possible because this will give the sufferer a much better chance of dealing with dyslexia successfully. The first step in any treatment is for a proper and thorough diagnoses to be made by a competent professional such as an educational psychologist.
Alan Lawson has been a special education teacher for over a decade. One of his main areas of interest is dyslexia. Click here to discover more about dyslexia online. I hope that my fantastic site provides the answers you are looking for.
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